Kan Presian confirmed reaching the Aegean Sea to the south. In 837, the Bulgarian ruler conquered Philipi, which lay above the ocean. Simeon the Nice (893 927) maintained intentionally the actions within the southeast Black Sea route. Proper after his enthronement, in 894, in the course of the First Struggle towards Byzantium, he took the Black Sea cities to the south of the Balkan Vary. In 904, the border with the
Byzantines was marked by the Black Sea fortress port of Midia (the traditional Salmidesos) on the south slopes of Mount Strandzha, which was then taken by the Bulgarian Tsar. In truth, it’s value mentioning that it was the final sturdy fortress and the final protected port for ships alongside the entire Black Sea coastal line to the south all of the 1 option to the Bosporus.
Nonetheless, to the south west, Simeon carried out a targeted coverage me of dominating essential ports, beginning in 896 and persevering with for plenty of years. He captured over 30 cities and forts on the Adriatic coast. Thus, Bulgaria obtained a brand new sea opening to the west on the Adriatic. In 904, Simeon couldn’t take Salonika (Thessaloniki). The border with Byzantium was solely 20 kilometers to the north of the city.
In response to specialists on ships and shipbuilding, the Bulgarians constructed particular transport and navy vessels with oars and sails, which have been able to crusing in each rivers and seas. They didn’t run very deep however had good seaworthiness. The ships have been bolstered with boards. This truth signifies that the Bulgarian masters have been very accustomed to the strategy of shipbuilding by making a skeleton and overlaying it with boards, typical of the epoch.
Yoan Exarch Bulgarian
The nice translator and author of the 10th century, Yoan Exarch Bulgarian, describes the Bulgarians’ data and expertise in shipbuilding excellently in his Hexaemeron:
“The ocean unites all that’s distant, which sails in it; it comes and even when it’s not so shut it takes it away within the distance. For individuals who don’t have anything, it makes it attainable for every part to be frequent. What’s grown in overseas lands, be it wheat or fruits, or gold, or silver, or garments, or one thing else, it may well, by navigating, take it to those in want…
With out wooden [it is out of the question], we bake bread, boil cereals and make ships of it; with them we sail the rivers and the nice sea area. We purchase what we want and we give it to those that want it at a flat worth.”